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East Carolina Mop Sauce Recipe

East Carolina mop sauce with spices floating on top

East Carolina Mop Sauce Recipe

By far, my favorite style of BBQ sauce is this vinegar-based sauce that is so popular in Eastern North Carolina. It’s important to label this sauce as “East Carolina” because a few miles west in the Piedmont region of North Carolina the sauce is different; and they are serious about their sauces in North Carolina. Head south and you’re in the mustard-style sauce region in South Carolina.

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I was stationed in Eastern Carolina during my time in the Marines, and I fell in love with this style of BBQ mop sauce and hush puppies. Oh, those hush puppies, dang! Anyway, I’m serious when I say this sauce has a Pavlovian effect on me. Simply writing about it makes the top of my head start to sweat, just like I’m eating some East Carolina vinegar BBQ.

East Carolina mop sauce with hush puppies

This sauce is incredibly easy to make. You can have a jar ready to go in about 15 minutes, but like other sauces, I find it’s better after it sits overnight. Before we get into how to make this Eastern Carolina BBQ sauce, let’s answer a few questions that seem to always come up when talking about “Carolina” BBQ.

Dry mustard, Texas Pete hot sauce and smoked pepper combine to flavor East Carolina mop sauce

What Are the Defining Characteristics of NC Barbecue?

Generally speaking, Eastern Carolina is known for whole hog. By that I mean they use the entire hog cooked low and slow for their BBQ. I had lived in Eastern North Carolina for only a few weeks when I was invited to my first pig pickin’ or whole hog cook. This was circa 1996. I didn’t even know what a pig pickin’ was then. I’m sure glad I got to know. In fact, I learned the basis of this recipe at a pig pickin’. Head west, and you’re much more likely to be served ribs and pulled pork shoulder.

More specifically, the differences are in the sauces. Along the shore, the sauce contains no ketchup. In fact, ketchup in Eastern Carolina is nearly a fightin’ word.

Pour East Carolina mop sauce over your favorite grilled brisket or roast

What Can You Put On Ribs Besides BBQ Sauce?

I love me some sauce on pork ribs, but not all the time. If you’re not a sauce fan, or you’re watching your sugar intake, try some Memphis style ribs, which aren’t sauced at all. Instead, these are ribs done with only a dry rub, and they are dang tasty, sans sauce.

Is There Ketchup in Barbecue Sauce?

As I mentioned earlier, that’s the difference between the sauces in North Carolina. Eastern Carolina sauce uses no ketchup, none, nadda. Central and Western Carolina sauce does contain a small amount of ketchup. Not nearly as much Kansas City style sauce or St. Louis style sauce, but there is ketchup used in most BBQ sauces.

Why Is This BBQ Sauce Called a Mop Sauce?

Unlike other sauces that are thick and are applied with a basting brush, this sauce has a very thin, almost water-like consistency, so a standard brush won’t work very well. Instead, grab yourself one of these inexpensive sauce mops and use it to apply the mop sauce. 

Apply East Carolina mop sauce to ribs as you grill by using a small mop

Tips for Making East Carolina Mop Sauce

The Pepper: I love the depth of flavor added by using smoky pepper flakes. You can absolutely use crushed red pepper flakes if that’s what you have on hand. 

The Hot Sauce: Texas Pete is pretty standard in Eastern Carolina and I love it, but again if you have something else on hand or prefer a different hot sauce, use that.

The Strength: If this sauce is a smidgen too vinegary for you, add an extra ½ cup of water. 

East Carolina Mop Sauce Recipe

Serves: 18 | Prep Time: 5 minutes | Cook time: 5 minutes 

Ingredients
1 cup distilled white vinegar
1 cup cider vinegar
½ cup water
2½ tbsp brown sugar
1 tbsp smoky red pepper flakes
1 tbsp hot sauce; I use Texas Pete
1 tsp onion powder
1 tsp garlic powder
1 tsp dry mustard
1 tsp kosher salt
1 tsp paprika
½ tsp ground black pepper

How To Make East Carolina Mop Sauce

Step 1: Bring vinegar and water to a low boil in a medium-sized sauce pan.

Step 2: Whisk in remaining ingredients and continue to whisk until brown sugar and salt have dissolved.

Step 3: Let cool to room temperature and store in a glass container. I prefer these mason jars. Store in the refrigerator for up to a couple of weeks.

East Carolina mop sauce with mop and spices

East Carolina mop sauce with spices floating on top

East Carolina Mop Sauce

5 from 20 votes
Prep Time: 5 minutes
Cook Time: 5 minutes
Servings: 18

Ingredients

  • 1 cup distilled white vinegar
  • 1 cup cider vinegar
  • ½ cup water
  • tbsp brown sugar
  • 1 tbsp smoky red pepper flakes
  • 1 tbsp hot sauce I use Texas Pete
  • 1 tsp onion powder
  • 1 tsp garlic powder
  • 1 tsp dry mustard
  • 1 tsp kosher salt
  • 1 tsp paprika
  • ½ tsp ground black pepper

Instructions

  • Bring vinegar and water to a low boil in a medium-sized sauce pan.
  • Whisk in remaining ingredients and continue to whisk until brown sugar and salt have dissolved.
  • Let cool to room temperature and store in a glass container. I prefer these mason jars. Store in the refrigerator for up to a couple of weeks.

Notes

By far, my favorite style of BBQ sauce is this vinegar-based sauce that is so popular in Eastern North Carolina. It’s important to label this sauce as “East Carolina” because a few miles west in the Piedmont region of North Carolina the sauce is different; and they are serious about their sauces in North Carolina. Head south and you’re in the mustard-style sauce region in South Carolina.

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